William Carlton Smith served in World War I for two years as a First Lieutenant in the Medical Corps. From about 1902 to his death in 1930, Smith practiced medicine and surgery in Salem, Oregon.
Born in Salem, Oregon on 1874[i]. Smith received his degree from the University of Oregon, graduating in 1897, and received his medical degree from St. Louis Medical University[ii], from which he graduated in 1898.
Smith met his wife, Carlotta C. Johnston, in Salem, Oregon, they married in 1902. Smith began his medical practice in Salem the same year. Smith taught anatomy at Willamette University for 10 years[iii].
On March 24, 1917, Smith was commissioned as First Lieutenant of the Medical Corps[iv]. On May 25, 1917, Smith was sent to train at Fort Riley, Kansas. On September 8, 1917, Smith was sent to train at Camp Lewis, Tacoma, Washington. Then, on October 30, 1917, Smith joined the 363rd Field Hospital Company, 316th Sanitary Train, 91st Division. The 91st Divisions first operation was in France where they ended the German First Guard Division and pushed through three other enemy lines[v]. During his two years in the army, Smith traveled to France and Belgium.
After serving in the war, Smith was elected commander of the American Legion, a war veterans’ organization. Smith served in the Oregon Legislature[vi] until his death. Smith went to Portland, Oregon for treatment on gallstones, he died suddenly following surgery on December 24, 1930 in Portland, Oregon[vii].
American Legion: an organization chartered in 1919 to provide support and care to veterans[viii]
Sanitary Train: the role of the sanitary train was to provide medical care for the entire division[ix]
[i] “Dr W. Carlton Smith.” Ancestry.com. Accessed July 23, 2019. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=60525&h=33668201&tid=&pid=&usePUB=true&_phsrc=bfX33&_phstart=successSource.
[iii] “School Yearbook.” Ancestry. Accessed July 23, 2019. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=1265&h=253362290&tid=&pid=&usePUB=true&_phsrc=bfX22&_phstart=successSource.
[v] Denfeld, Duane Colt. “Wild West Division: Washington in World War I.” Wild West Division: Washington in World War I. June 19, 2014. Accessed July 23, 2019. https://www.historylink.org/File/10648.
[vi] “35th Oregon Legislative Assembly.” Wikipedia. October 29, 2018. Accessed July 23, 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/35th_Oregon_Legislative_Assembly.
[vii] “25 Dec 1930, Page 1 – Statesman Journal at Newspapers.com.” Newspapers.com. Accessed July 23, 2019. https://www.newspapers.com/image/80202343/?terms=w carlton smith.
[viii] “History.” The American Legion. Accessed July 23, 2019. https://www.legion.org/mission.
[ix] George Thompson. “Battlefield Medicine: Ambulance Section.” University of Kansas Medical Center. July 26, 2018. Accessed July 23, 2019. http://www.kumc.edu/wwi/index-of-essays/ambulance-section.html.